The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) survey revealed that men consume more fat at 34.1 gram per person daily, than women who consume 31.1 gram per day across the seven cities – Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai.
Added fat was high in dishes such as dal fry, rice, stuffed paratha, chuduva, bisi bele bath – a rice-based dish with origins in Karnataka — and puliyodharai also known as tamarind rice. Mutton Birynai has more fat than chicken biryani or cereal-based and non-vegetarian recipes, it found.
According to the study, those who eat deep-fried food consumed more added fat than those who ate boiled and shallow-fried food.
Also, almost all non-vegetarian foods, mostly consumed in urban areas, has high amounts of added fat, the study revealed.
The average intake of added fat in Mumbai and Hyderabad were the lowest at 28.8 gram per person daily and 25.1 gram per person each day respectively.
The average intake of added fat in all the seven metro cities pooled together was 32.6 gram per person each day, which was higher than ICMR-recommended levels at 20g/person/day. Overall, 18 per cent of the total intake of energy was obtained from visible fat, the survey found.